Distinguishing Between Small Group and Large Group Health Insurance 

Generally, for employees, insurance policies that provide coverage to a group of individuals under one policy are chosen by employers at the organisation. These insurances are referred to as group health insurance. It offers coverage for various risks such as health, life, disability, and sometimes even property and liability. 

By pooling together a large number of individuals into one insurance plan, group insurance often provides more affordable premiums and broader coverage compared to individual insurance policies. Choosing between a small and large group insurance depends on various factors. One needs to understand about it to make an informed decision.

 What is a Small Group Health Insurance Policy? 

Small group health insurance is a type of health insurance policy specifically designed for small businesses with a limited number of employees, typically between 2 to 50. 

This insurance plan allows small business owners to provide healthcare coverage to their employees, offering benefits similar to those available in more extensive group health insurance plans. It is always advised to take health plans from well-known insurance brands such as Tata AIG. 

 What is Large Group Health Policy? 

Large group employee health insurance is a type of group medical insurance policy tailored for businesses with a significant number of employees, typically more than 50. This insurance plan provides healthcare coverage to a large pool of employees within the organisation. 

Large-group health insurance offers comprehensive benefits similar to those available in small-group health insurance plans. Still, it may have additional features or customisation options to accommodate the needs of a larger workforce.

 Small Group vs Large Group Health Insurance 

Aspect Small Group Health Insurance Large Group Health Insurance
Number of Employees Applies to businesses with fewer than 50 employees. However, this number can vary slightly depending on the jurisdiction. Covers organisations with more than 50 employees, providing coverage to a larger workforce.
Coverage Options. Insurance plans offer a limited range of coverage options compared to large group plans. Insurance typically offers a broader range of plans and options, providing more flexibility and choice for employees.
Cost Premiums tend to be higher on a per-person basis due to the risk profile of smaller groups and limited bargaining power with insurers. Often benefits from economies of scale, resulting in lower premiums per person compared to small-group plans.
Negotiation Power Small-group employers generally have limited bargaining power when negotiating premiums and coverage terms with insurers, leading to less flexibility in plan design. Large group employers, with their more extensive pool of employees, typically have stronger bargaining power, allowing them to negotiate more favourable terms and rates with insurers.
Administrative Burden Generally entails less administrative complexity for employers in terms of plan management and compliance requirements. Plans may involve more administrative complexity due to the larger number of enrollees and the need for comprehensive benefits administration.
Customisation Options Offers limited customisation options, with fewer choices in plan features and benefits. Provide more flexibility and customisation options, allowing employers to tailor coverage to the specific needs of their workforce.
Regulatory Compliance Subject to state and federal regulations governing group health plans, which may include requirements related to coverage mandates, benefit levels, and premium rating rules. Subject to regulatory oversight and face fewer regulatory restrictions compared to small group plans, particularly in areas such as rating and benefit mandates.


Knowing the distinctions between small-group and large-group employee health insurance is crucial for businesses seeking to provide healthcare coverage to their employees. By comprehending these differences, employers can make informed decisions that best suit the needs of their workforce in the organisation.

 Frequently Asked Question 

  • What are the advantages of group health care plans for employees?

Group health care plans typically offer more affordable premiums and broader coverage compared to individual policies, providing financial protection against various risks such as health, life, disability, and sometimes property and liability.

  • What factors should businesses consider when choosing between small and large group health insurance?

Factors to consider include the number of employees, coverage options, cost, negotiation power, administrative burden, customisation options, and regulatory compliance requirements. Evaluating these factors can help businesses make informed decisions based on their workforce needs and organisational goals.


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