Top 5 Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a condition that can be caused by poor oral hygiene, the buildup of plaque and bacterial plaque, or tooth root resorption. It can occur mainly in teeth that are not brushed regularly, have a root canal, or have a history of periodontitis. The disease can lead to tooth loss when the gums recede. This causes a void that is filled by the bone, creating an opening that can be penetrated by bacteria. And that makes it essential to visit Antigo general dentistry if you identify any symptoms of periodontal disease. 

Periodontal disease can be caused by a variety of conditions. The following are the top five causes of periodontal disease:

  • Poor dental hygiene

Periodontal diseases are among the most common diseases in the world, affecting about half of all adults. Clinical studies show that the incidence of periodontal disease increases with age. It affects about 60 percent of people aged 70 or older. 

Periodontal disease is most commonly caused by bacteria in dental plaque, which can be removed by effective brushing, flossing, and mouthwash. Poor dental hygiene is a major cause of periodontal disease. In fact, people who don’t regularly brush and floss are at an increased risk of developing periodontal disease. 

  • Use of tobacco

Periodontal disease begins at an early age. Tobacco use and smoking during puberty cause the gingiva to become inflamed, increasing the likelihood of developing periodontal disease. Some individuals may not develop symptoms for years after they began smoking. Many people who smoke usually have a higher rate of tooth loss than those who don’t.

  • Medication

Some medications can harm the bone and tissues surrounding teeth. They include calcium channel blockers, steroids, and some antidepressants and antipsychotic drugs. 

  • Chronic stress and poor diet

Stress and a poor diet can cause the release of chemicals that bacteria need in order to thrive, as well as increase the production of normally produced acids in the mouth. Acidic foods, like citrus fruits and soft drinks, also promote the growth of bacteria in the mouth.

  • Grinding teeth

Grinding teeth can damage the gums and bones. In addition, people who grind their teeth are at a higher risk of developing periodontal disease. This is because the bacteria in dental plaque are able to colonize and lead to the formation of infections. The greater the number of teeth that have been affected by grinding, the higher the risk of developing periodontal disease.

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Tobias Steindl